Semester Pattern of Elections 

Election is one of the trending topics in the talks of the Indian people. India is a democratic nation and all the important power lies in the hands of the people. It has a vast structure of government. Basically there are two main government. First is the Central Government and second is the State Government. As the structure along with the posts are rigid and its Leaders change regularly and through a process called Elections. It’s process of selecting the majority Leader among the aspirants for the post.

In centre there is Loksabha and Rajyasabha whose members are MP’s or Members of Parliament. In Loksabha they are directly elected through the people while in Rajyasabha they are elected from the State Assemblies. In State there is Vidhan Sabha and it’s members are MLA’s called the Members of the Legislative Assembly. The are elected directly from the State people.

As we can see that in the about example the government of India is hold up by the Leaders of Majority. For being a part of the government the Leader needs to be elected from the people in the Nation. And this all comes from the wide process of ELECTIONS.

But as we can see from the wide structure of Legislature in India we can infer that there are various Autonomous bodies held for Governing the administration of the specified area. For example we can see that there is Parliament for governor Central or country related issues. There is Vidhansabha for Governing the State. Jilha Parishads for Districts. Municipal Corporations, Councils, GramPanchayats and Panchayat Samitis,etc. This governing body of the Autonomous bodies are decided through elections. Each body has its fix Elections Procedure. These are held regularly after a fixed tenure. Thus Election helps in renewing the governing body regularly and strengthening the Democracy.

Though the structure is very organized and well defined there is still a very important hole in the System. This important point is of SUCCESSIVE ELECTIONS which detains the Political Stability in India.

Cons of the Present System:

  • For the completion of the total procedure of the elections it takes about months. Till the results all the Development Works are holded on.
  • Is Centre is constructing any road and there are State elections then still the work needs to be pending which further delays the execution of the work.
  • Every election is carried out with complete planning by the Election Commission. Cost for separate election is more. Thus this process increases the cost of election.
  • People for the process, arms and security is on duty during each election.
  • Leaders need to campaign whenever there are elections. There is no space for sustainable development work.
  • Spending on elections is more on simultaneous elections from the side of political parties.

What’s the Solution?

There are two big solutions to the above problem.

Solution 1: One time Elections

Considering any state it is governed for 5 years by the state government. Along with state elections there are also Loksabha elections, elections of Municipal Corporation, Councils, Zilla Parishads,etc. They have 5 years of tenure only but they start at different date. So this keeps the State commission busy within the 5 years by carrying out different election campaigns. Any election process lasts for about 2-3 months or more. During this period it’s necessary for the government to halt all the Development Works. Son if there are 3-4 such campaigns within the tenure then there are more hurdles in the development which weakens the process of development.

To avoid this a new concept of One Time Election was being introduced and even promoted by our PM Narendra Modi. All the different elections to be held once. Which will there for smoothen the path of development for a continuous period of 5 years.


  • One time expenditure on elections.
  • Continuous development for 5 years.
  • Political Parties need not to spend much for SUCCESSIVE elections.


  • Large amount of force will be needed to focus at the time of elections.
  • Hard to control the riots during elections.
  • Challenging task for the EC
  • Deserving candidate once lost will have to wait for next term for 5 years.

Solution 2: Semester Pattern
In the above method there an important consequence that is of the continuous powerhold for 5 years. This may be harmful of the economy too. The Leaders may come and go but the Leadership should always be sustainable and updated. Also we can take the example of our college exams also. We can find that the students with yearly pattern are more relaxed as compared to the one with the Semester Pattern. Yearly exams have less tension and mostly the students don’t take it seriously in their early days. Even some do studies just 1-2 months before the final exams.

This is not the case with the students studying in the Semester Pattern. These have short period to accomplish a big goal with number of activities. And we find them busy throughout the semester. And it’s always better to eat in two half’s rather than eating a bigger one. So relating this with the Election we can say that there should be elections after every 2.5years.

I introduce this concept firstly because I feel concerned about some important topics related to the concept of elections. What I think is that the state and the center should have elections with a distance of 2.5 years. Suppose the Central elections are conducted in Jan 2014 then the state elections should have been conducted in July 2016,i.e, after 2.5 years. Again the Central elections will be held in Jan 2019 and the state in May 2021. These elections have a gap of exact 2.5years.


  • The cost of elections will be within a particular limit.
  • Armforces will be handled and utilized efficiently and effectively.
  • 2.5 years are sufficient to work continually without any break for the Government to implement effective plans.
  • Elections after 2.5 years will be the litmus test for the respective Governments.

Important Point: As the entire term of any government will be divide between two semesters. For eg, if the term of loksabha is from 2014-19, there is state elections in July 2016. Now the Center has two semesters for performance that is,

Jan 2014 to July 2016 : Before State Election

July 2016 to Jan 2019 : After State Election

The performance of the Center will be judged from the work in these semesters.

  • Suppose for eg. There is BJP in Power in Center from Jan 2014 to Jan 2019 and the Maharashtra is ruling with the Congress and will face the s elections in July 2016. And if there is change is mandate from CONGRESS to BJP. Then there we can see the following two combinations working together.

Sem1: Center BJP with State Congress.

Sem2: Center BJP with State BJP.

This will allow the Center to experience the coordination with the state with different powers.

This Center State Relationships along with their individual performance will help the voters to decide comparatively to give it’s next mandate.

  • Leaders will get sufficient time to work as well as the Semester elections will prove a litmus test for their party.

Cons: Frankly speaking I have focussed more on the positive side of the topic so might be am unable to look at its other side. So I request u to please go through it. Think about it, read it and please give ur genuine suggestions regarding the cons of Semester Pattern in Elections.

Also I would like to request u to please share your views, comments and suggestions regarding both the solutions.

Many times I hear that the system is bad. I don’t think that way. If we think it’s not good let’s make it how it should be or How its supposed to be!!!

And it’s a simple step towards a change.

Waiting for your reply!!!

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It's simple to be Difficult!!! But it's difficult to be Simple!!!

4 thoughts on “Semester Pattern of Elections ”

  1. In our gevernment system if we considering elections are after 2.5 yr gaps then it will definitely delay in some of the government project’s. For some projects 2.5 yr is not sufficient time to get successful implementation .assume that one of the project is require 3.5 or 4 yr to complete then how could they manage ??
    after 2.5yr leader’s changing then how to manage????
    there is always race for political power’s rather than focusing on the work.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Your query is truly genuine. But I would like to clear your doubts that taking the example of Maharashtra only.
      loksabha – May 2014.
      Then Vidhansabha exactly after 6 months – November 2014
      Nagar Palika and Parishad exactly after 2 years – November 2016
      Mahanagar Palika just after 3 months.
      Next loksabha – after 2years and 3 months.
      And between this we haven’t considered the Rajyasabha, Vidhansabha Parishad and the number of bye elections that take place during the loksabha tenure of 5 years.
      And we can see that the Leaders are more busy in the Elections rather than in Government work.
      But in semester pattern all types of elections will be conducted either in sem1 or sem2 respectively. Due to this longer projects will get only 1 break as compared to 2-3 breaks in the present system.
      And speaking about the change of power, it is not fixed that the power will change sometimes the present government is given second chance too. Like the BJP got in MP 3 times.


  2. Simultaneously election is a good idea because ….
    1)Help save maney
    2) It will big relief for political Leader and Parties that are always in campaign mode
    3) It will allow political parties to focus more on policy and governance

    1)Unnecessary expenditure..Can be reduced { I.e. In 2009 Loksabha 1.100 core and 2014 loksabha 4000 approx ..}

    2) Use Government employee for example Number of Teacher are involved in the election process Thus continue exercise causes maximum Harm to the education section..

    3) Security forces also diverted for election work after few time .

    Liked by 1 person

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